Tenganan Pegeringsingan is one of the most conservative villanges of the Bali Age “original Balinese”. This is a walled village. Within the bastions, all living compounds are identical in plan and are arranged in rows on either side of the wide, stone-paved lines which run the length of the village. The people of Tenganan claim to have come originally from Bedahulu.
The legend of how they acquired the land dates from the 14th century. The mighty king Dalem Bedahulu lost his favourite horse and sent the villagers of his kingdom in all directions in search of it. The man of Tenganan travelled east and found the corpse of the horse. When the king there after offered to reward them, they requested the land where the horse was found. All the area in which the carcass of the dead horse could be smelt.
The king sent an official with a keen sense of smell to partition the official through the hills, yet still the air was polluted with the odor of dead horse. At last the official decided this was enough land and departed. After he had left, the Bali Aga chief pulled from his clothing a very smelly remnant of the horse’s flesh.
Tenganan is also well known for its Geringsing cloth or double ikat. Through an intricate process of weaving and dyeing, known only here, a single cloth takes five years to complete. Tenganan has many interesting traditions such as ritual and art traditional especially Mekare-kare or Perang pandan (the fight of Pandanus leaves) which takes place only once a year during a festival called Usaba Sambah, tradition of preserving and maintaining the environment, burial traditional, etc.